Hypertension Day Campaign

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What is Hypertension ?

High blood pressure (hypertension) is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease.

Hypertension is diagnosed if blood pressure readings are 140-90 or above on two different days.

Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure. A blood pressure reading is given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). It has two numbers.

  • Top number (systolic pressure). The first, or upper, number measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats.
  • Bottom number (diastolic pressure). The second, or lower, number measures the pressure in your arteries between beats.

You can have high blood pressure for years without any symptoms. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected. And once you know you have high blood pressure, you can work with your doctor to control it.

How to control Hypertension ?

Hypertension treatment is indicated for adults whose blood pressure is 140-90 mmHG or higher. Treatment adherence is critical for blood pressure control. You can help prevent high blood pressure by having a healthy lifestyle. This means:

  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Getting regular exercise
  • Being at a healthy weight
  • Limiting alcohol
  • Not smoking
  • Managing stress

If you already have high blood pressure, it is important to prevent it from getting worse or causing complications. You should get regular medical care and follow your prescribed treatment plan. Your plan will include healthy lifestyle habit recommendations and possibly medicines.

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